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Childhood Strabismus

Strabismus or squint is a commonly encountered condition in childhood in which the eyes are not well aligned. It may be present all the time or occasionally. It may be caused by muscle dysfunction, nerve dysfunction or diseases of the brain. It can also occur with eye cancers such as retinoblastoma. Certain types of strabismus may be corrected with spectacles, but most types require surgery. Strabismus does not go away by itself. Untreated strabismus may cause amblyopia or “lazy eye” which results in permanent visual impairment. It is very important for all children with strabismus to be seen by an ophthalmologist and receive the necessary treatment.

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